Transformacje i parafrazy, czyli przekształcanie zdań po angielsku
Zadania polegające na przekształceniach zdań (parafrazy), które można spotkać na poziomie średnio-zaawansowanym i zaawansowanym, sprawdzają znajomość angielskich struktur leksykalno – gramatycznych. Techniką użytą jest konwersja (parafraza), polegająca na umiejętności przekazania tej samej informacji, przy zastosowaniu innej struktury.
Parafraza przykłady zdań:
1.You shouldn’t talk while your teacher is speaking.
You are not supposed to talk while the teacher is speaking.
2.It is very rare for me to go to the theatre.
I hardly ever go to the theatre.
3.One advantage of living in the mountains is clean air.
One point in favour of living in the mountains is clean air.
4.There’s no point in asking John to help.
It is not worth asking John to help.
5.Barbara finds driving on the right very strange.
Barbara is not used to driving on the right.
6.Steve’s clothes weren’t as smart as Mark’s.
Mark’s clothes were smarter than Steve’s.
7.My car really needs to be repaired soon.
I really must have /get my car repaired soon.
8.It’s ages since I last saw him
I haven’t seen him for ages.
9.Take a jacket with you because it might get very cold.
Take a jacket with you in case it gets very cold.
10.I haven’t been to the cinema for four years.
It’s four years since I went to the cinema.
11.How many computers can this factory produce in a month?
How many computers can be produced by this factory in a month?
12.Kate had not expected the film to be so good.
The film was better than Kate expected.
13. There is no sugar left.
We have run out of sugar.
14.I wish I hadn’t told him the truth.
I regret telling him the truth.
15.We missed the plane because we forgot to take our passports.
If we had remembered to take our passports, we wouldn’t have missed the plane.